References 1 AACC. 2006. American Association of Community Colleges. Available online at www.aacc. nche.edu. Adams, A. V. 2006. “The Role of Skills Development in the Transition to Work: A Global Review (Draft).” World Bank. Washington, DC. Adams, R.. 2003. “International Migration, Remittances and the Brain Drain: A Study of 24 LaborExporting Countries.” World Bank Policy Research Paper No. 3069. Washington, DC. Aedo C. and M. Pizarro Valdivia. 2004. “Rentabilidad económica del Programa de Capacitación Laboral de Jóvenes ‘Chile Joven’.” INACAP and Mideplan. Santiago de Chile. Aedo C. and R. Nuñez. 2001. “The Impact of Training Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Case of Programa Joven.” ILADES – Georgetown University. Santiago de Chile. Blom A., and Lopez Acevedo. G. 2005. "Pending Issues in Protection, Productivity Growth, and Poverty Reduction," in Arias, O., M. Bosch, W. Cunningham, A. Fiszbein, W. Maloney, J. Saavedra, C. Sanchez- Paramo, M. Santamaria, and L. Siga. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3799. Washington, DC. Blomström and Kokko. 2006. “From Natural Resources to High-Tech Production: The Evolution of Industrial Competitiveness in Sweden and Finland.” In Natural Resources, Neither Curse nor Destiny edited by Lederman and Maloney. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, California, October 2006. Blum, R.W. et al. 2003. “Adolescent Health in the Caribbean: Risk and Protective Factors.” March 2003, Vol 93, No. 3. American Journal of Public Health, 456-460. BMG Research Report. 2007. “Evaluation of Employer Satisfaction with the National Employer Training Programme/Train to Gain Brokerage –First and Second Wave.” BMG research. CAIC, 2006. Presentation by CAIC at the Caribbean Forum for Lifelong Learning. Castries, St. Lucia. CANTA. 2005. CARICOM Process for Workforce Training, Assessment and Certification. Kingston, Jamaica. CARIBCERT. 2002. “Supplementary Study Guide for the Caribbean Tourism Industry: Front Office Manager.” Inter-American Development Bank and Caribbean Hotel Association. Nassau, Bahamas. Caribbean Community Secretariat, CARICOM. 1990. “Regional Strategy, Technical and Vocational Education and Training.” Georgetown, Guyana. _____. 2006.“Presentation by COHSOD secretariat”, at the Caribbean Forum for Lifelong Learning.” Castries, St. Lucia. Caribbean Examinations Council, Annual Report. 2003. Caribbean Net News. 2006. “Jamaica is Murder Capital of the World.” Press Release January 9, 2006. CDB. 2005. “Tertiary Education Financing in the Anglophone Caribbean: Presentations and Recommendations.” Available at http://www.caribank.org/Workshop.nsf/TertEduc?OpenPage 1
Web links last accessed November 2007.
CFD. 2006. “Productivity Enhancement and Skills Development for the New Economic Climate in the Caribbean.” Caribbean Forum for Development. Bridgetown, Barbados. CHA. 2004. “Caribsert Certification Programme,” http://www.caribcert.org/. CHEPS. 2001. “Public Funding of Higher Education: A comparative study of funding mechanisms in ten countries.” Center for Higher Education Studies, Enschede. CKLN. 2006. Caribbean Knowledge and Learning Network Labor Market Survey. CKLN Secretariat. Kingston, Jamaica. CXC. 2005. “CXC to Introduce New Programmes.” Press Release of October 25, 2005, available at: http://www.cxc.org/new_programme_approved.htm. _____. 2006. “Caribbean Certificate of Secondary Level Competence - Description and Frequently Asked Questions.” Last updated on December 19, 2006. Available at: http://www.cxc.org/ccslc.htm. Dar, A. and Z. Tzannatos. 1999 “Active Labor Market Programs: A Review of the Evidence from Evaluations.” World Bank report, Washington, DC. De Ferranti, D., G. Perry, I.Gill, J. Guasch, W. Maloney, C. Sanchez-Paramo, N. Schady. 2003. “Closing the Gap in Education and Technology.” World Bank, Washington, DC. De Moura Castro. 1999. “Proyecto Joven: New Solutions and Some Surprises.” Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC. DFID. 2004. “Lifelong Learning and Training Policies in Latin America: Main Findings and Policy Leads from the Case Studies,” with World Bank, Chapter in Knowledge and Skills in New Economy. World Bank, Washington, DC. Donovan, M.S., J.D. Bransford, and J.W. Pellegrino 2000. “How People Learn: Bridging Research and Practice.” Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. ECCB. 2006. “National Accounts 2006.” Eastern Caribbean Central Bank. Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis. ECLAC. 2002. “St.Vincent and the Grenadines.” The Yachting Sector, ECLAC. Elias V.F. Ruiz-Nunez, R.Cossa, and R. Bravo. 2004. “An Econometric Costs-Benefit Analysis of Argentina’s Youth Training Program.” Inter-American Development Bank. Washington, DC. European Commission. 2005. “Towards a European Qualification Framework for Lifelong Learning.” Commission Staff Working Document No. 957. FIAS. 2004a. “Benchmarking the FDI Environment in the Caribbean.” World Bank/IFC FIAS Paper. Washington, DC, Processed. _____. 2004b. “Grenada: A Diagnostic Review of the Investment Climate.” World Bank/IFC FIAS Paper. Washington, DC, Processed. _____. Forthcoming. “Guyana: Review of the Investment Climate.” World Bank/IFC FIAS Paper. Washington, DC. Fielden, J. Forthcoming. “Global Trends in University Governance.” World Bank, Washington, DC. Gill, I., A. Dar, and F. Fluitman (eds.) (2000). “Vocational Education and Training Reform: Matching Skills to Markets and Budgets.” Oxford University Press, New York.
Goldberg P. and N. Pavcnik. 2005. “Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know? Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization Episodes in Developing Countries.” Working Paper No. 10593. Goldin C. and L. Katz. 1998. “Human Capital and Social Capital: The Rise of Secondary Schooling in America, 1910 to 1940.” National Bureau of Economic Research No. 6439. GoCa. 2007. “Essential Skills and Workplace Literacy Initiative.” Available at http://srv108.services.gc.ca/english/general/home_e.shtml. Government of Grenada, Education Statistical Digest, 2003. Government of St. Lucia, Education Statistical Digest, 2005. GoSVG. 2004. “St. Vincent School Mapping Exercise.” Unpublished report. Government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Kingstown, St. Vincent. HEART Trust/National Training Agency and National Council on Technical and Vocational Education and Training. 2004. “Employment Qualifications in Jamaica.” Kingston, Jamaica. Heckman, J. and C. Pages. 2003. “Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean.” NBER Working Paper No. 10129. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge. Heckman, J. and P. LaFontaine. 2006. “Bias Corrected Estimates of GED Returns.” NBER Working Paper No. 12018. National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge. Hull Kristensen, P. and F. Borum (eds). 1990. “Technological Innovation and Organizational Change. Danish Patterns of Knowledge, Networks and Culture.” New Social Science Monographs, Copenhagen. IADB. 2005. “ Ex-Post Evaluation of Training Programs ‘Youth Labor Training Program’ (PROJOVEN) in Peru.” Preliminary Version. Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC. _____. 2007. “IDB’s Labor Training Operations: Ex-Post Thematic Evaluation Approach Paper.” Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, DC. James, V., C. Williams, and R. Hamilton. 2006. “Private and Social Rates of Return for Participation in HEART Trust/NTA Training Programmes in Jamaica.” Unpublished paper. HEART Trust/NTA. Karmel, T. and N. Nguyen. 2003. “Australia’s Tertiary Education Sector.” National Centre for Vocational Education Research. Larsen, Lene. 1999. “The Production School. An Alternative Means for Modern Youth?” In Weber, Kirsten (ed.): Lifelong Learning and Experience. Papers and Perspectives of the 1st International Summer School in Lifelong Learning. Roskilde University. Learning and Skills Council. 2004. “Platform for Progression: Employer Training Pilots: Year 2 Evaluation Report.” Institute for Employment Studies, UK. _____. 2006a. “An Evaluation of the Skills for Life Quality Initiative 2005-06 and a Review of its Predecessor Initiatives.” National Research and Development Centre for Adult Literacy and Numeracy (NRDC), the Institute of Education, University of London with the University of Sheffield and Lancaster University, Learning and Skills Council, 2006. _____. 2006b. “Requirements for Funding Train to Gain.” Version 1, Learning and Skills Council, 2006/2007.
Levy F. and R. Murnane. 2004. “Key Competencies Critical to Economic Success,” in Defining and Selecting Key Competencies, ed. Dominique Simone Rychen and Laura Hersh Slaganik. Hogrefe and Huber, Cambridge, MA. Lewis, A. 1954. “Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labour.” Manchester School 22, May. Lutz, B. 1976. “Bildungssystem und Beschäftigungsstruktu in Deutschland und Frankreich.” On H.G. Mendius u.a. Betrieb, Arbeitsmarkt, Qualifikation, Frankfurt. Madsen, B. 2004. “End of Project Evaluation of the OECS/EDU Export Capability Enhancement Program.” GFA Management, Hamburg, Germany. Maloney, William. 2006. “ Missed Opportunities: Innovation and Resource-Based Growth in Latin America,” in Natural Resources, Neither Curse nor Destiny edited by Lederman and Maloney. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, California, October 2006. Marquez, G. 2002. “Training the Workforce in Latin America. What Needs to be Done?” InterAmerican Development Bank, Washington DC. Mattoo, A., I. Neagu and C. Ozden. 2005. “Brain Waste? Educated Immigrants in the US Labor Market.” World Bank Policy Research Paper No. 3581. Washington, DC. McArdle, T. 2004. “Firm and Worker Training in the Caribbean.” World Bank Background Paper published by ILO/CINTERFOR, Montevideo, Uruguay. _____. 2005. “Investment in Training: A Cross-Country Comparative Study on ‘Best Practices,’ Jamaica Case Study: Investment Projects Test a System in the Midst of Reform.” International Labor Office & Cinterfor (not yet published). _____. 2006. “Building a Lifelong Learning Strategy in Jamaica.” Presentation for Caribbean Lifelong Learning Forum, 16 May 2006. Available at the time of writing at www.oecs.org/oeru. Michael White and Associates. 2006. “Labour Market Survey Final Report.” Caribbean Knowledge and Learning Network, Bridgetown, Barbados. Michigan State University. Collegiate Employment Research Institute. 2006. “Recruiting Trends 2006-2007.” Michigan State University. NEWLO. 2006. “Information Brief on NEWLO, Grenada.” NEWLO, Georgetown. NSDC. 2003. "The Basic Skills Development Pilot Programme for the Northern Region of St. Lucia." Unpublished evaluation. National Skills and Development Centre, Castries, St. Lucia. _____. 2004. “Follow-up Interview on Young Apprenticeship Program.” Unpublished document. National Skills and Development Centre, Castries, St. Lucia. _____. 2006. “Focus Groups Report.” Consultant Report by Catherine Spooner. Unpublished document. National Skills and Development Centre, Castries, St. Lucia. OAS. 2006.“Presentation by OAS,” at the Caribbean Forum for Lifelong Learning. Castries, St. Lucia. OECD. 2005a. “The Definition and Selection of Key Competencies.” OECD, Paris. _____. 2005b. “From Education to Work: A Difficult Transition For Young Adults with Low Levels of Education.” OECD, Paris. _____. 2006. “Caribbean Rim (Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada and St. Lucia).” OECD, Paris. _____. 2006a “Skills Upgrading – New Policy Perspectives.” OECD, Paris.
OECS Secretariat. 2005. “St. Kitts and Nevis - Retraining the Sugar Workers.” OECS Secretariat, Castries, St. Lucia. _____. 2005 “17th Meeting of OECS Ministers of Education Communiqué: Continuing Education Reform through Collaboration.” OECS Secretariat, Castries, St. Lucia. _____. 2006. Caribbean Forum for Lifelong Learning, 16-17 May 2006, Summary Report. OERU. 1999. “Eastern Caribbean Education Reform Project Student Attitude Survey Research Report.” OECS Education Reform Unit, Castries, St. Lucia. Policy Research Institute. 2006. “Skills for Business Network: Phase 3 Evaluation Main Report.” Policy Research Institute, Leeds Metropolitan University, August 2006, Leeds, England. Salling Olesen, H. 1994. “Adult Education and the Labour Market.” ESREA and Slovenian Adult Education Center, Ljubljana. _____. 2002. “Literacy21: Cultural Techniques, Self Regulation, and Collective Experience,” in A.Melo et. al. (eds)(2001). Wider benefits of Adult Learning. Understanding and Monitoring the Consequences of Adult Learning. Cadernas Cieca I, Edicões Universitárias Lusófonas, Lissabon 2001. _____. 2004. “Lifelong Learning in Colombia and Denmark,” in World Bank: Study of Lifelong Learning in Colombia. _____. 2005. “Work Related Learning, Identities and Culture,” in E. Kurantowicz et al (eds): Old and New Worlds of Learning. Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Wroclaw, 2005. _____. 2006a. “Work Identification - Inhibition or Resource for Learning?” in: Tarja Tikkanen (ed): Older Workers’ Learning, CEDEFOP, 2006. _____. 2006b. “Caribbean Skills Enhancement Project- Coherence in Education, Training, and Informal Learning.” Background paper prepared for the World Bank. Salmi, J. and A. Hauptman. 2006. “Innovations in Tertiary Education Financing: A Comparative Evaluation of Allocation Mechanisms.” World Bank Report, Washington, DC. Santiago Consultores Asociados. 1999. “Evaluación Ex-Post Chile Joven Fase II.” Consultores Asociados, Santiago de Chile. Sir Arthur Lewis Community College. “Prospectus, 2004-05.” Castries, St. Lucia. SLHTA. 2005. “ Presentation at St. Lucia Industry Roundtable for Skills for the Tourism Industry.” Castries, St. Lucia. SSDA. 2005. “Annual Report 2004-05.” Sector Skills Development Agency, South Yorkshire. Sternberg, R. et. al. 2000. “Practical Intelligence in Everyday Life.” Cambridge University Press. Thorn, K., L. Holm-Nielsen, and J. Jeppesen. 2004. “Approaches to Results-Based Funding in Tertiary Education: Identifying Finance Reform Options for Chile.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3436. Washington, DC. USdED. 2007. “A Test of Leadership: Charting the Future of US Higher Education.” US Department of Education, Washington, DC. UWI. 2007. “Consultations with the UWI-12”. Available at http://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/bnccde/consultations/consultations.htm at the time of writing. Webster’s. 1985. “Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary.” Merriam-Webster Inc., Springfield, Massachusetts.
Wodon, Q. 2003. “International Migration in Latin America: Brain Drain., Remittances, and Development.” Unpublished report. World Bank, Washington, DC. World Bank. 2003. “Caribbean Youth Development: Issues and Policy Directions.” Washington, DC. ______. 2003b. “Lifelong Learning in the Global Knowledge Economy.” Washington, DC. ______. 2003c. “Monitoring Educational Performance in the Caribbean.” World Bank Report No. 24337. Washington, DC. ______. 2003e. “OECS Fiscal Issues: St. Kitts and Nevis.” Public Expenditure Review No. 25185LAC. Washington, DC. ______. 2004. “OECS Fiscal Issues: Dominica.” Public Expenditure Review No. 27467-DOM. Washington, DC. Processed. ______. 2004b. “OECS Fiscal Issues: Grenada.” Public Expenditure Review No.28334-GRD. Washington, DC. Processed. ______. 2004c. “OECS Fiscal Issues: St. Lucia.” Public Expenditure Review No.29685-LC. Washington, DC. Processed. ______. 2005. “A Time to Choose. Caribbean Development in the 21st Century.” Washington, DC. ______. 2005b. “Expanding Opportunities and Building Competencies for Young People, A New Agenda for Secondary Education.” Washington, DC. ______. 2005c. “Incentives to Improve Teaching, Lessons from Latin America.” Emiliana Vegas, Editor, Washington, DC ______. 2005d. “Towards a New Agenda for Growth.” Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, Washington, DC. ______. 2006. “Doing Business 2007 Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.” Washington, DC. ______. 2007. “Crime and Violence in the Caribbean: Trends, Costs and Policy Options.” World Bank, Washington, DC. World Tourism and Travel Council. 2004. “The Caribbean: The Impact of Travel and Tourism on Jobs and the Economy.” London.